The Elk Test consists of four sharp turns in the distance of 40 metres. The car moves 4 metres to the side (left-right turn) and drives 20 metres before it moves back (right-left turn). The throttle is released just before the first turn. The entering speed was measured with a radar. The main purpose of the test was to evaluate the behaviour of the cars in this kind of evasive movements.

The results

VW Passat

Conti Sport Contact 235/45 18
69 km/h: ESP is activated but does not affect the steering. In a second attempt the car starts to oversteer sligthly but is easy to handle. The oversteering becomes worse in higher speeds.

Ford Mondeo

Michelin 235/45 18
Very quick steering response – more direct than the Passat. Very good feeling of connection between steering wheel and front wheels. At 67 km/h the car slides a little but is not difficult to correct. At 69 the oversteering is worse. We tried at 73 km/h but it was too fast – the car felt very big and the driver was not quick enough to correct the behaviour.

Mercedes C 180

Continental Sport Contact 225/45 18 (not standard tyres!)
The car was equipped with Airmatic suspension. No problem to pass the test up to 71 km/h. The steering is very precise. In higher speeds it oversteers but it helps the driver to handle the car. One of the best cars to drive in this test.

We also tested a C-class with normal suspension and ContiSportContact 225/50 17 and noticed a clear tendency to oversteer. The speed was 70 km/h.

Infiniti Q50

Dunlop ST Sport Maxx 245/40 19
68 km/h: Passes the test without problems but in higher speeds the steering becomes more heavy. In 73 km/h the car understeers out of the track. Tendency to jump with the outer front wheel.

Citroën C1, Peugeot 108, Toyota Aygo

Conti Eco Contact 165/60 15
Already in speeds around 64-67 km/h all the cars roll violently and are difficult to steer. The steering response is weak. They are rather terrible to drive in the test. The spectators claim that it looks like the front panels of the cars nearly touch the ground in the turns.

Renault Twingo

Conti Eco Contakt 185/50 15
In spite of more than three steering wheel laps the car is easy to drive through the test. Rather firm chassis helps the handling. In 69 km/h ESP is active and brings down the speed. Safe behaviour.

Suzuki Celerio

Bridgestone Ecopia 165/65 14
3,5 steering wheel laps. Already in 62 km/h the cr rolls heavily but passes the test. In higher speeds the roll becomes worse. Difficult to handle. The behaviour is a bit more stable if the driver turns the steering wheel more brutal. When we enter the test in 70 km/h the ESP works very hard and the speed out of the test is 30 km/h! In 73 km/h the ESP interference is so violent, that the car becomes impossible to steer.

Hyundai i20

Michelin Energy Save 195/55 16
Very good behaviour up to 66 km/h. In 70 km/h the car starts to understeer – the steering response is weak and the car slides right out of the track with the front wheels turned.

Mini Cooper D5

Pirelli P Zero 205/45 17
Lovely, quick steering! In 71 km/h it passes the test and that is the limit. In higher speed ESP works hard and the car rolls more than expected. When ESP is active, the steering is affected and the car understeers more and more.

Skoda Fabia

Bridgestone Turanza 215/45 16
Very good steering – which reminds of VW Passat. Rather firm chassis. ESP is activated in 69 km/h but does not interfer whith the steering. Tha car feels stable and realiable. 72 km/h is too fast and the car understeers out of the track in the last bend.

Opel Corsa

Continental Eco Contact 215/45 17
Passes the test in 69 km/h. Very quick and responsive steering. The car rolls, but only slightly. In higher speeds the steering locks a bit and becomes heavy due to ESP interference.

Citroën C4 Cactus

Good Year Efficient Grip 205/50 17
Very hard ESP already in 65 km/h. The body rolls much. Soft and unprecise steering makes it difficult to direct the car in the turns. In 70 km/h the car understeers out of the track due to violent interference from the ESP.

Kia Soul

Nexen N Blue 235/45 18
Passes the test in 68 km/h but rolls heavily. Slides on the tyres. The steering has an unprecise response. ESP works probably, but unnotable.

Kia Soul EV

Kumho 7 Ecowing 205/60 16
The car feels very heavy – like a Potemkin! In spite of understeering it passes the test in 67 km/h.

Nissan Pulsar

Conti Sport Contact 205/50 17
Already in 65 km/h it rolls a lot. Steering is slow. When we raised the speed to 68 we could hear the ESP work, but did not feel it. 70 km/h was too fast and the understeering was to difficult to correct.

Ford Eco Sport

Good Year Assurance Fuel Max 205/60 16
Passed the test in 64 km/h and in higher speed it was impossible to handle due to violent ESP intervencion. Very severe roll. The car felt unsafe to drive.

BMW Active Tourer

Michelin Primacy 3 205/55 17
ESP starts to work in 67 km/h but the car is still possible to handle without problem. The speed out of the track is 30 km/h. Steering is not affected. We passed the test also in 69 km/h but with more roll. An attempt in 74 km/h was not successful.

Mercedes GLA

Yokohama C-drive2 235/50 18
In 67 km/h there is a clear tendency to oversteer but ESP works very well with the steering. Quick and nice steering. Oversteering becomes worse, in 70 km/h it ”pushes” the car in the turns and helps the driver to maintain the control. In 72 km/h the oversteering increases and the car slides out of the track.

Lexus NX 300h

Bridgestone Dueller 225/60 18
64 km/h: Like a ship in a storm, the tyres slide and the body rolls heavily. We must lower the speed to 58 km/h before it is possible to pass the test without kicking cones. Also in the low speed the body rolls very much.

Nissan Quashqai

Continental Eco Contact 205/60 17
ESP starts to work already in the first (left) turn, brutally! We manage to pass the test in 69 km/h but with a very strong braking assistance from the ESP system. We do not rise the speed more.

Nissan X-Trail

Godd Year Efficient Grip 225/55 19
The same behaviour as Quashqai. ESP nearly brought the car to a stop. Maximum speed was 67 km/h.


Michelin Primacy 3 Rear: 275/40 19 Front: 245/45 19.
Strange ESP interference in 68 km/h. Left front wheel locked and the car took a jump out to the left. Maximum speed to pass the test was 67 km/h. In higher speed the tyres slided. The understeering was marginal.

Porsche Macan

Michelin Latitude sport Rear: 295/35 21 Front: 265/40 21.
The tyres ”rubbed” but we passed the test in 67 km/h. In 68 and 69 km/h the car started to jump on it´s tyres and understeered.

BMW 220d Coupé

Bridgestone Potenza Rear: 245/35 18 Front: 225/40 18
We managed to drive in 73 km/h, with an elegant touch of oversteering. One of the best cars. In higher speeds the driver was not fast enough with the steering wheel. The limit of the car is probably higher.

Audi TT

Hankook Ventus 245/35 19
Pure gocart feeling. Very quick steering. In 69 km/h there were no problems. In 72 km/h the car started to oversteer, but it was easy to correct it. 74 km/h was too fast and the oversteering became to wide.

Subaru WRX STI

Dunlop Sport Maxx 245/40 18
The steering locked a little in the last turn when the speed was 72 km/h. In 69 km/h there were no problems to drive through the test. In 74 km/h the steering locked again but the car passed the test. In 75 km/h the understeering was too difficult and the car went out of the track.

Mercedes S Class Coupé

Michelin Pilot Sport Rear: 275/40 19 Front: 245/45 19
Too big for this narrow track! Difficult to handle already in 66 km/h. The steering is heavy and the car understeers. With the active body control set to ”curve” we managed to pass all four turns in 67 km/h.